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IRONWOOD

Acacia excelsa

Plant Family

Fabaceae

Alternative Common Names

Rosewood, bunkerman and doodlallie

The shrub or tree typically grows to a height of 3 to 15 m but can grow to a height of around 20 m and usually has a weeping or erect to spreading habit. It has hard, fissured and deep grey coloured bark and hairless branchlets. The wood of the tree has a scent similar to cut violets.

Leaves - like most species of Acacia it has phyllodes rather than true leaves. The hairless, evergreen phyllodes are straight or slightly curved and have a narrowly elliptic or narrowly oblong shape.

Flowers - in clusters in groups of one to four usually in the axils. It has spherical flower-heads that are 4 to 8 mm in diameter and contain 20 to 35 bright yellow flowers.

Fruit - following flowering it will produce brittle firmly papery seed pods that are flat and straight but are constricted between seeds.

Flowering March – June.

Habitat

It is found growing in sandy loamy soils as a part of open woodland or savannah grassland communities.

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